Sada El Balad: Today in History: August 13

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Today is Sunday، Aug. 13، the 225th day of 2017. There are 140 days left in the year.

Today’s highlights in history:

1792 – French revolutionaries imprison France’s royal family.

On this day:

1624 – France’s King Louis XIII names Cardinal Richelieu as first minister.
1784 – Britain’s India Act places East India Company under government-appointed Board of Control.
1814 – Britain agrees to hand back all Dutch colonial possessions، including Indonesia.
1868 – Earthquakes in Peru and Ecuador kill 25،000 and damage property worth $300 million.
1898 – Carl Gustav Witt discovers 433 Eros، the first near-Earth asteroid to be found.
1898 – US forces capture Manila from Spain during the Spanish-American War.
1960 – The Central African Republic and Chad proclaim their independence from Franc.
1961 – East Germany closes the Brandenburg Gate to seal border between East and West Berlin.
1970 – Iraq and Syria reaffirm their opposition to Egyptian efforts to seek a peaceful solution to the Middle East crisis.
1980 – US President Jimmy Carter wins second term for presidency candidate.
1983 – The Indian government starts to erect a barbed-wire fence along the entire 2،500-mile (4،023km) border with Bangladesh.
1994 – Nato secretary-general Manfred Woemer dies after a long battle with cancer.
1995 – Norwegian hostage Hans Christian Ostroe is killed by Kashmir militants.
1999 – German tennis legend Steffi Graf retires from tennis.
2000 – Mika Hakkinen of Finland wins Hungarian Grand Prix.
2001 – Macedonia’s rival political leaders sign a landmark peace accord aimed at ending six months of bloody conflict.
2005 – Former New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange dies at the age of 63، oversaw a tumultuous time in the country’s history.
2008 – Lebanon’s newly chosen president Michel Sulaiman arrives in Syria on a landmark visit.
2011 – The 50th anniversary of the building of the Berlin Wall is marked.
2016 – Michael Phelps retires from swimming after winning 23rd Olympics gold medal.

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